CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROGRAM ON THE SOUTH COAST
Vlora district is one of the 12 Regions of Albania. It includes the districts of Vlora, Saranda and Delvina. Each district includes one or more municipalities and a number of communes, with a total of 7 municipalities and 19 communes. The entire region has a population of 175 thousand inhabitants.
Capital Investment Program of the South Coast covers 5 municipalities and 10 Communes of the district.
The area is a mosaic of historical and cultural traditions, offering a variety of habitats of important environmental values. It is characterized by different economic conditions, which are directly related to the different levels of development. Change in quality of life between urban coastal areas and rural areas, (mainly located in the mountains or in river valleys), is notable and influential in several social and economic issues.
The South Coast Area is 194 km long (45% of the Albanian coast) and starts in the southern city of Vlora, continues in the Orikumi Bay and ends at the Greek-Albanian border, in Cape Stillos. The administrative units of this coastal area are municipalities of Saranda and Himara and communes of Lukove, Aliko, Ksamil and Xarrë.
Local units in the districts of Saranda and Delvina, which do not have access to the sea, are closely linked to developments in the coastal zone due to the close economic and cultural ties with the coast.
The economy of the area has two profiles, urban economy, with a large sector of construction and services primarily in Saranda, but also in other administrative units, and a rural economy. The main sectors of the economy are construction, services and agriculture with a lower weight
Vlora district should become a territory in which sustainability covers all sectors of human activity (tourist accommodation, transport, solid waste management, water and waste water management, manufacturing activities, construction activities etc.) and where all development policies and initiatives are coordinated and synergistic. In this context, the district must decide to meet growing global demand for cultural tourism, ecotourism and rural tourism and to consider environmental protection not as limitation, but as an opportunity to promote innovation, socio-economic and professional growth.
The main challenge of the local government is to improve the residents’ quality of life and ensure sufficient economic growth. In order to succeed, it is necessary to develop infrastructure, to attract investors and encourage local businesses.
Transportation systems are a key factor for the successful development of tourism. Tests carried out show lack of policies for the development of integrated transportof at the regional and local level. The main road network that traverses and connects the area is comprised of:
- The main national road Vlorë - Sarandë
- The national road Gjirokastër - Sarandë
- The road Sarandë - Qafë Botë (at the border with Greece)
- The road Delvinë - Sarandë.
A number of secondary roads such as Saranda - Ksamili - Butrint or Saranda - Xarrë have contributed to improve access in the area,yet there are still several secondary and local road reconstructions financings which are pending.
Internal roads in town centers and villages are in such condition that they cannot cope with the influx of tourists during the summer.
Generally, the various investments in the Water Supply – Sewage infrastructure have had a local character and exploited surface and underground resources. However, there are resource capacities and opportunities for long term regional solutions.
Uncontrolled urban development has damaged to some extent traditional village landscape risking the loss of their identity. Despite potential in the field, few initiatives have been taken for projects of urban requalification. A good part of the coastal beaches are already connected via asphalted roads to national roads, but only a few beaches have undergone an integral treatment including the establishment of ancillary facilities and reconfiguration of the areas.
The Albanian Development Fund, in cooperation with Local Units of the Coastal Zone, proposes in this program a list of projects for public capital investment that would be a prerequisite for sustainable development of tourism in the area.
Municipalities and Communes participating in the Capital Investment Programme of the South Coast
- Municiplity of Sarandë,
- Municiplity of Himarë,
- Municiplity of Orikum,
- Municiplity of Konispol,
- Commune of Aliko,
- Commune of Dhivër,
- Commune of Ksamil,
- Commune of Livadhja,
- Commune of Lukovë,
- Commune of Markat,
- Commune of Xarrë,
- Municiplity of Delvinë,
- Commune of Finiq,
- Commune of Mesopotam.
- Commune of Vergo.
Criteria for submission of projects determined them as priority and mainly focused on the primary regional and local infrastructure such as urban roads, rural roads, water supply - sewerage and urban requalification.
To collect and specify baseline data of proposed projects, the ADF made an assessment which was accompanied by the review of technical projects and their re-evaluation when necessary.
It is worth emphasizing that most of the proposals coming from Municipalities and Communes have been equipped with appropriate technical designs and cost estimates. A detailed dossier with concrete data (over 135) has been prepared as part of this assignment.
This plan includes 136 projects of primary regional and local infrastructure for a total of 16,839,288,034 ALL.
- Civil works 16,189,288,034 ALL;
- Design - Supervision 650,000,000 ALL;
a) Urban roads and rural roads occupy most of the projects with about 61% of the overall total. This significant figure reflects the condition of infrastructure in this area and the immediate need to improve it. The fact that all participating LGUs in program stretch over the southern coast, shows once again that the situation of road infrastructure not only does not meet the needs of residents, but it is a serious obstacle to the development of tourism.
b) Water supply - sewage are the second largest group proposed and they constitute about 21% of the total of proposed projects.
c) The third group of proposals contains projects of urban requalification, such as the arrangement of squares and urban centers, at a rate of 9% compared against the total number of submitted project-proposals.
d) Projects for the rehabilitation and restoration of cultural heritage objects consist in revitalizing archaeological parks, monuments of culture, by making them accessible to the public. These projects account for about 3% of the proposed projects.
e) Environmental projects account for about 2% of the projects and consist in rehabilitating contaminated and degraded areas, thus creating a clean environment and preserving the natural landscape.
f) The rest consists of various projects such as schools, cultural centers, irrigation canal, municipal offices, etc. by about 4%.
|Nr||Region||District||LGU||Number of subprojects||Total value of investments (ALL)|
|1||VLORË||Sarandë||Municipality of Sarandë||19||5,631,701,552|
|2||VLORË||Sarandë||Commune of Aliko||10||411,350,000|
|3||VLORË||Sarandë||Municipality of Konispol||4||202,129,683|
|4||VLORË||Sarandë||Commune of Ksamil||8||269,604,879|
|5||VLORË||Sarandë||Commune of Livadhja||10||1,327,596,000|
|6||VLORË||Sarandë||Commune of Dhivër||9||626,738,718|
|7||VLORË||Sarandë||Commune of Xarrë||3||213,415,345|
|8||VLORË||Sarandë||Commune of Markat||4||269,460,941|
|9||VLORË||Sarandë||Commune of Lukovë||10||1,225,000,000|
|10||VLORË||Vlorë||Municipality of Himarë||22||3,303,292,488|
|11||VLORË||Vlorë||Municipality of Orikum||3||585,978,307|
|12||VLORË||Delvinë||Commune of Delvinë||9||791,907,942|
|13||VLORË||Delvinë||Commune of Finiq||12||819,094,732|
|14||VLORË||Delvinë||Commune of Mesopotam||11||455,665,326|
|15||VLORË||Delvinë||Commune of Vergo||2||56,352,121|
This category includes internal roads of towns and villages in the area. Most of them are in a very bad shape and require full investment involving the entire range of infrastructure works. The main programs concern full reconstruction of a number of roads in the Municipality of Saranda and Himara in order to respond to dynamic urban developments; and improvement programs of urbanization in other towns and villages of the area.
The total number of urban roads is 40 and the funding value is 2,615,033,903 ALL;
This category includes rural roads linking villages with each other, and with the center of the municipality or the commune. The current situation of these roads does not allow normal transport conditions for area inhabitants and tourists during the tourist season. They constitute a real obstacle to the development of the area and create serious troubles.
The total number of rural roads is 42 and the funding value is 3,474,499,670 ALL;
This category includes water supply and sewage in all urban and rural area. Two water supply systems that provide regional solutions have been studied in detail:
- Water supply system of Saranda and a wide surrounding area being supplied by the sources of Tatzat. A more detailed feasibility and coordination with other interventions are required.
- Water supply system of Himara and most of the villages from the sources of Kuç. Other projects are water supply and sewage to the villages along the coast.
This category includes recovery of squares, esplanades and urban centers.
The total number of projects for this category is 12 and the funding value is 2,599,733,558 ALL;
This category has three projects in Saranda, Dhërmi and Ksamil with a funding value of 168 million ALL;
This category includes 5 (five) projects for the rehabilitation and restoration of the archaelogical parks of Finiq (Phoinike) and Orikum, the Monastery of 40 Saints (Manastiri i 40 Shenjtorëve), Marmiroi Church, Saint Nicholas Church (Kisha e Shënkollit).
The finacing cost for the upgrading of these sites is foreseen to the amount of 859,540,000 ALL.
This category includes various projects such as schools, cultural centers, irrigation canal, municipal offices, etc.
The total number of projects in this category is 6 (six) and the funding value is 388,743,149 ALL;